By Imoniche Ilevbaoje
Solid Waste Management has become an area of major concern today. It appears to be a losing battle against the harmful consequences of improper waste disposal and attaining a clean healthy environment.
Waste generation, waste collection and transportation, treatment and disposal are physical components of waste management system that are vital in attaining a clean healthy environment.
Citizens and post consumers are important stakeholders in the solid waste management process, as a result of their direct involvement in generating waste.
A waste generator is one or process that generates or produces waste. Waste generation is a natural product of urbanization, economic development, and population growth. As nations and cities become more populated and prosperous, they face corresponding amounts of waste to manage through treatment and disposal.
Waste generation rates are influenced by economic development, the degree of industrialization, public habits, and local climate. Generally, the higher the economic development and rate of urbanization, the greater the amount of solid waste produced.
We citizens tend to think that our responsibility with regard to the waste we generate is confined, at most, to putting it in the waste bin.
Someone once said “it is the greatest of all mistakes to do nothing because you can only do little” I am a citizen of my dear country Nigeria, here are my thoughts on roles we as citizens could play in the waste management chain:
* We can rethink about our habits, our needs, our basic requirements. Do I really need this now?
* We can reduce the waste we generate by sharing; you can give someone else your old computer, donate your old clothes to an NGO. Reuse, using something more than once; reusable bottles.
* Adopting the exercise of waste sorting. It’s not enough that all waste goes into the bin; we also have to separate it correctly in our homes because it makes waste collection efficient and also identify recycling opportunities
Let us consider these: without correct sorting at source, the process falls apart; without adequate collection and transportation, the process falls apart; without technology and treatment facilities, the process falls apart; without recycling companies, the process falls apart and If no one pays the costs of each stage of the process, it falls apart. That the way we collect, treat and recycle waste in our town, in our region and in our country necessarily requires cooperation and responsible behavior by all citizens. It is a legal obligation and, much more importantly, a social and moral obligation
Respect for and preservation of the environment requires that everyone participate.